Situated in Southeastern Europe, Bulgaria occupies the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The country’s total territory is 111,000 sq. km. It has a 378 km borderline with the Black Sea to the east. Bulgaria also neighbors Macedonia and Serbia and Montenegro to the west, Romania to the north and Greece and Turkey to the south.
Bulgaria possesses a varied relief, in the altitude range from 0 to 2,925 m. Its territory includes part of the lower Danube Plain, The Balkan Range – part of the Alpine-and-Himalayan chain, part of the Thracian lowland and to the south – the mountain structures of the Macedonian-Thracian massif.
The predominant climate in Bulgaria is moderate and transitional continental with plenty of sunlight days per year. There are four seasons, with warm summer and snowy winter. The average yearly temperature is 10.5 °C.
The Bulgarian mountains which occupy half of the country’s territory, are easily accessible, and are a prime destination for both winter and summer tourist activities, including skiing, hiking, fishing, canoeing. The major mountain ranges are Rila, Pirin, Rhodope and Stara Planina. Mussala peak in the Rila mountain range is the highest point on the Balkan peninsula.
Much of the Black sea coast is covered by long beaches with fine white sand. The sea itself is non-tidal, less salty and warmer than the Mediterranean. The tourism sector has flourished in recent years and holds a firm lead in the Bulgarian economy.